Estar

Ser and estar both translate in English to the verb “to be” and because of this it can be really confusing deciding which of the two is more appropriate because their meanings differ in Spanish. Here are some guidelines to help:
ESTAR is used:

1. to state location or position of people, places, or objects (BUT NOT EVENTS – SEE SER):

a. Mis primos están afuera. – My cousins are outside

b. ¿En qué calle está la biblioteca nacional? – On what street is the National Library?

c. ¿Mis padres están en el cine? – My parents are at the cinema.

2. with certain weather expressions:

a. Está nublado. – It’s cloudy.

b. Está claro. – It’s clear.

3. with adjectives to express the state or condition the subject is in:

a. Estoy ontent. – I am content.

b. ¡El agua está fría! – The water is cold!

c. Mi abuelo está enfermo. – My grandpa is ill.

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