Personal Pronouns

Subject Pronouns

je = I

tu* = you

il = he

elle = she

nous = we

vous* = you

ils = they

elles** = they

*tu is used to mean ‘you’ as a singular, familiar form whilst vous is used to mark politeness or when speaking to more than one person.

**The feminine form elles is used when referring to a group of females only.

Use of on

- On is used to mean ‘one’, ‘you’ or ‘someone’

On ne sait jamais             =             You never know

On m’a dit ça            =             Someone told me that

- On is used as an alternative to nous, provided people are involved in the action

On a décidé d’aller voir un match de cricket        =             We decided to go watch a cricket match

On is used as an alternative to the passive:

Je crois qu’on nous cherche         =             I think they’re looking for us

Direct Object Pronouns

me = me
te = you
le (l’) = him; it
la (l’) = her; it
nous = us
vous = you*
les = them

*used in the plural or polite singular

Indirect Object Pronouns

me = to me
te = to you
lui = to him; to her
nous = to us
vous = to you*
leur = to them

*used in the plural or polite singular

Reflexive Pronouns

me = myself
te = yourself
se = himself; herself; oneself
nous = ourselves
vous = yourself/yourselves*
se = themselves

*used in the plural or polite singular

The Pronoun y

The pronoun y has two uses:

- Meaning ‘(to) there’, replacing a place already mentioned:

- Replacing a noun (not a person) or a verb introduced by à:

The Pronoun en

The pronoun en also has two uses:

Meaning ‘from (out of) there’:

-Il a mis la main dans sa poche. Il en a sorti un billet de 50 dollars jamaïcains.

Replacing a noun (not a person) or a verb introduced by de:

-Jacques, que penses-tu de ton cadeau ?
-J’en suis ravie

-pourquoi n’a-t-il pas protesté ?
-Parce que les pouvoirs publics l’en ont empêché

Often, in this case, en means ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘of it’, ‘about it’, ‘of them’, etc:

-Tu n’as pas de l’argent à me prêter ?
-Attends… je regarde si j’en ai. En voila.

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